The Risk Of Placenta Previa Following An Abortion: What You Need To Know

It’s seldom an easy decision for a woman to have an abortion, but it’s important to know about the risks this medical procedure sometimes presents. Placenta previa is a problem that can affect pregnant women, and if you have had an abortion, the risk of this complication increases. Learn what causes placenta previa, and find out why an abortion can increase the risk of this dangerous condition.

What is placenta previa?

The placenta gives an unborn baby the vital oxygen and nutrients it needs to grow during pregnancy. The placenta normally attaches to the top or side of the uterus wall, but during placenta previa, this vital organ attaches to the lower part of the uterus, covering the cervix.

The placenta is often low in the womb in the early stages of a pregnancy, but the organ will normally move to the top as the baby develops, allowing the cervix to open for delivery by the third trimester. With placenta previa, the organ continues to cover part or all of the cervix.

The condition can cause severe bleeding that is potentially life threatening to a pregnant woman. In turn, this heavy bleeding may cause a pre-term birth that is dangerous for your baby.

What causes the condition?

Doctors estimate that placenta previa affects around 1 in 200 pregnancies. The condition can affect anyone, but some women are at higher risk than others. For example, women who have previously been through several pregnancies are at higher risk, especially mothers of twins or triplets.

Anything that can scar the lining of the uterus can also increase the risk of placenta previa. For example, C-section surgery sometimes causes scarring that can increase the risk of the condition.

Studies also show that induced abortion increases the risk of placenta previa. One study showed that induced abortion increased the risk threefold. Another study found that women with an increased frequency of abortions were also at higher risk of placenta previa.

What is the difference between placenta previa and placental abruption?

These conditions can often cause similar symptoms. Placental abruption occurs when the placenta comes away from the uterine wall, but, like placenta previa, the main symptom is normally heavy vaginal bleeding. To diagnose placental abruption, a doctor will often carry out a vaginal examination, but this action could worsen the symptoms of placenta previa.

As such, to diagnose placenta previa, a doctor should only carry out an ultrasound. It’s dangerous for a doctor to place a finger or any other object inside the vagina for women with placenta previa.

How do doctors deal with placenta previa?

Health care providers carefully assess all pregnant women to determine the risk of placenta previa. Placenta previa can kill you or your baby, so your obstetrician will want to know about anything that could increase the risk of this condition. As such, you must tell him or her if you have had an abortion.

There are various treatment options available to women with placenta previa. Your medical team cannot do anything to shift the placenta, so all efforts will focus on helping your baby develop normally for as long as possible. If your obstetrician diagnoses the condition you may need to:

  • Take things easy and give up any unnecessary physical activity.
  • Avoid sex, douching and tampons until the baby is born.
  • Stay in the hospital for close monitoring and care.

In some cases, you may also need extra medical care. For example, some women with placenta previa need blood transfusions. Your doctor may also prescribe drugs that will lower the risk of an early labour. Ideally, these medicines will stop you going into labour until the baby is at least 36 weeks old.

The placenta cannot carry out its job if it is in the wrong place, and the baby may develop problems with its respiratory system. As such, your doctor may also recommend steroid shots, which will help the baby’s lungs develop.

Placenta previa is a dangerous condition that is more likely after a woman has an abortion. Talk to your obstetrician for more information and abortion advice.

Autism And Irlen Syndrome: Advice For Parents

Autism is a developmental disorder that affects around 115,000 people in Australia. People with autism can experience several symptoms, and there is increasing evidence that the condition can cause problems with vision and/or perception of the person’s immediate environment. Irlen Syndrome is a specific perceptual processing disorder that can affect people with autism. Learn more about the condition, and find out what steps you may need to take to help your child cope with the problem.

Signs and symptoms of Irlen Syndrome

Irlen Syndrome (or Scotopic Sensitivity Syndrome) is a problem where the brain cannot process visual information correctly. Crucially, if you have the condition, there isn’t necessarily anything wrong with your vision, but you may still experience symptoms that affect your eyes. Optical symptoms of the condition include eye strain and light sensitivity. People with Irlen Syndrome often struggle to cope with fluorescent lighting and bright sunlight.

Some Irlen Syndrome cases remain undiagnosed for some time for people with autism. Some of the other signs of the condition are similar to other behavioural issues that autism can cause. For example, symptoms that Irlen Syndrome can cause include:

  • Slow reading

  • Difficulty with maths

  • Low motivation

  • Problems with concentration

For somebody with autism, a doctor will not always diagnose Irlen Syndrome straight away. You may need to ask for a referral to a specialist, who will then work with a doctor and an optometrist to identify the problem.

Available treatment

There is no cure for Irlen Syndrome, but the Irlen Lens System can help children and adults with the condition cope with the symptoms. Case studies show that the system can drastically improve life for autistic people who may struggle without any intervention.

The system uses two methods to help people cope with Scotopic Sensitivity. Some people benefit from coloured transparencies to use while reading, while other sufferers use tinted glasses to change the way their brain interprets their surroundings.

Transparencies can make it easier to read plain text, where the reader cannot normally make out the letters or words clearly enough. Experts believe that the high contrast between the black print and white page exacerbates the problem, so tinted transparencies can help with this.

Tinted glasses are particularly effective for autistic people with the condition because the symptoms often affect them all the time. Some people with autism report that the glasses help them make out faces and body parts more clearly and can cut out other visual distortions. Overall, these improvements in perception can help control some of the other behavioural challenges that autistic people face.

Getting treatment

The Irlen system is only available through designated clinics across Australia, so you’ll need to find the details of your nearest location online. What’s more, you cannot get treatment through one of these centres until your child has visited an optometrist. He or she will need to confirm that your child does not have any underlying vision problems that could interfere with the Irlen system. You’ll also need to make sure that your son or daughter has the right prescription lenses.

You cannot just buy tinted lenses from any store. Irlen Syndrome affects each autistic child differently, so a specialist will need to personalise the solution to help deal with the symptoms effectively. Tinted lenses look almost like any other pair of spectacles, so you shouldn’t worry that your son or daughter will stand out. Of course, as with any other glasses, your child can also choose a set of frames that he or she likes.

Irlen Syndrome is a perceptual disorder that affects a lot of people with autism. Talk to your child’s doctor or optometrist for more advice and guidance.

Should You Give Birth in a Public Hospital, Private Hospital, or at Home?

Becoming pregnant with your first child is an incredibly exciting time in your life. You have 9 months of pregnancy ahead to nurture the growing child inside of you, and then you have the childbirth itself, which for many first time mothers, is an overwhelming prospect. You will absolutely want to make sure that you feel comfortable and looked after when it comes time to deliver the baby.

Along the way, there are many decisions to make, and where to deliver your baby is a decision you will have to make sooner or later. Here is some information to help you with your decision.

Why public hospitals?

Of course, the great benefit of choosing a public hospital birth is that the cost will be completely diminished, unlike a private hospital birth that you have to pay for. For many people on low fixed incomes, this means that public hospitals will be the only choice, but that is not to say they are a bad option at all.

A great thing about being located within a hospital is that if anything goes wrong, there is easy and direct access to the appropriate drugs and facilities to deal with an emergency. Of course, all midwifes and nurses will be thoroughly trained and qualified to give you the attention that you require, but you at least won’t have to be relocated to use proper machines if worst comes to worst.

Why private hospitals?

When opting for a private instead of a public hospital, you can expect a different level of care. This means that instead of interacting with various midwifes and nurses from prenatal through to childbirth and the postnatal stages of pregnancy, many private hospitals give you the option to have a consistent care team who understand your individual pregnancy needs inside and out.

Something to note about childbirth in private hospitals is that if your payment options. If you currently have private health insurance, you should be able to have a private childbirth under the terms of the insurance plan, but if not, you will have to cover the whole cost yourself, and there will be additional costs for things like antenatal scans and classes.

You should also be aware that the rate of intervention tends to be higher at private hospitals, leading to a greater number of caesarean sections. In 2009, 28.4% of women in public hospitals had C-sections, whereas 42.5% of women in private hospitals had C-sections. This could sway your decision either way depending on your preference.

Why home births?

You don’t have to go to a hospital at all for childbirth, and a home birth is a totally legitimate option. Reasons for choosing a home birth include being able to go through labour in a relaxed and familiar environment where you have more control about how you move around the surroundings, and a general experience of greater control over the childbirth.

Another advantage of opting for a home birth is that once your baby is born, you can also recuperate in familiar surroundings. In a hospital, staff may want to keep you on the ward for a few days when you really want to be back at home and getting on with life with your newborn. And, of course, visits by the midwife to your home following the birth can still be arranged.

Something to consider carefully about home birthing is that you should have stand-by transportation available to take you to the nearest hospital in the event of an emergency situation.

Hopefully this insight will help you decide which option works best for you and your baby. Be sure to contact various locations to learn more before making your final decision.

Healing a Broken Bone: Four Alternatives to TENS Machines and How They Compare

With pain relieving properties similar to morphine, a TENS machine creates a frequency of vibration, calibrated to encourage healing and block pain signals. However, a TENS machine is not the only vibrating bone healer. There are other options.

If you have a broken bone and are curious about all of the vibratory healing options, take a look at how these alternatives compare to a TENS machine:

1. Massage

The effect of a TENS machine is sometimes compared to the effect of rubbing an area. When the body senses the TENS machine vibrating against its skin, it responds as if it is being rubbed. A touch sensation travels to the brain, and that signal lessens or blocks the pain message from reaching the brain.

Both TENS and massage also boost the body’s production of endorphins which can help to facilitate healing. Unfortunately, while massage and TENS share some core qualities, you should not massage the area directly on or around a broken bone.

Directly massaging around broken bones is simply too intense and can hurt the bone. Save massage for the later stages of healing — then it can boost circulation and restore muscle tone.

2. Purring Cats

A purring cat offers more than just soft, cuddly goodness. With a frequency between 20 and 140 hertz, cat’s purrs are ideal for helping with bone healing and regeneration. The concept is the same as with a TENS machine — you apply the vibration to the broken bone and wait for it to heal. Currently, research supports the theory that a purring cat can speed up the healing of broken bones.

If you have a cat, get close and cuddle after a long day at work; your bones will thank you. Be aware of the downsides of this approach to healing. Unlike a TENS machine, cats aren’t portable, and they can walk away whenever they like, making them a cute but rather unreliable alternative to TENS machines.

3. Ultrasound Therapy

Famous for their role in depicting growing fetuses, ultrasounds use sound waves to create images of all sorts of internal issues from tumors to babies. However, these sound waves can also be calibrated in a way that speeds up the bone healing process.

At the right frequency and pulse rate, ultrasound technology speeds up recovery time from broken bones by 40 percent, claims Scottish researchers. The therapy kills bacteria and boosts the production of new bone cells.

While effective, the downside of this option is that it isn’t portable or affordable. If you have a bone broken in several places, you can ask your doctor to administer ultrasound therapy at his or her clinic, but with most simple breaks or fractures, it’s more convenient and affordable to hire a TENS machine from your local high street pharmacist than it is to explore ultrasound therapy.

4. Whole Body Vibration

The medical community has been exploring the concept of whole body vibration since 1895, and for decades, Russian and American astronauts have used full body vibration to help promote bone density and musculoskeletal strength.

While conclusive proof about the therapy’s efficacy remains a mystery, scientists hypothesise that the therapy encourages cell nuclei to trigger the release of osteoblasts, a critical ingredient in bone repair. In contrast, one recent study looked at the effect of whole body vibration in mice, and it discovered that while it helped improve musculoskeletal tissues, it did not help with fracture healing.

In addition to there not being conclusive evidence that it is effective, whole body vibration machines are large and can be hard to find. In most cases, it is easier to access therapy from a TENS machine.

If you have specific questions about different types of TENS machines, contact a company like First Aid Kits Australia.